Ethnocentrism – Belief in the superiority of one’s nation or ethnic group.
Political socialization – The process by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs.
Demographics – The study of the characteristics of populations.
Political predisposition – A characteristic of individuals that is predictive of political behavior.
Reinforcing cleavages – Divisions within society that reinforce one another, making groups more homogenous or similar.
Cross-cutting cleavages – Divisions within society that cut across demographic categories to produce groups that are more heterogeneous or different.
Manifest destiny – A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific.
Race - A grouping of human beings with distinctive characteristics determined by genetic inheritance.
Ethnicity – A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
Gender gap – The difference between the political opinions or political behavior of men and of women.
Fundamentalists – Conservative Christians who (as a group) have become more active in politics in the last two decades and were especially influential in the 2000 presidential election.
Gross domestic product (GDP) – The total output of all economic activity in the nation, including goods and services.
Socioeconomic status (SES) – A division of population based on occupation, income, and education.