AP U.S. History Notes

Chapter 14: Jacksonian Democracy at Flood Tide, 1830-1840

impost - A tax, particularly a tariff or duty on imported goods. “... it did lower the imposts...”

appeasement - The policy of giving in to demands of a hostile of dangerous power in hoped of avoiding conflict. “Later generations... have condemned the ‘appeasement’ of South Carolina in 1833 as sheer folly.”

plutocratic - Concerning an extremely wealthy ruling class. “The ’Old Hero’ assailed the plutocratic and monopolistic  bank as unconstitutional.”

prejudice - Unreasonable suspicion, bias, or hatred directed at members of a group. “Jackson succeeded in mobilizing the prejudices of the West against the East.”

ritual - A set form or system of ceremonies, often but not necessarily religious. “... a New Yorker... was threatening to expose the secret rituals of the Masons...”

evangelical - Concerning religious belief, commonly Protestant, that emphasizes personal salvation, individual and voluntary religious commitment, and the authority of Scripture. “The Anti-Masons attracted support from many evangelical Protestant groups...”

anathema - Something or someone cursed or expelled from a group. “This moral busybodies was anathema to the Jacksonian...”

platform - A statement of the principles or positions of a political party. “... National Republicans added still another innovation when they adopted formal platforms...”

mandate - Something authoritatively commanded or required. “He was convinced that he now had a ‘mandate’ from the voters...”

denominations - In American religion, the major branches of Christianity, organized into separate national churches structures, e.g., Presbyterians, Baptists, Disciples of Christ. “... many denominations sent missionaries into Indian villages.”

trammel - Something that confines, restrains, or shackles. “Hardy Texan pioneers...resent[ed] the trammels imposed by a ‘foreign’ government.”

prolific - Producing abundant young. “Energetic and prolific, Texas-Americans numbered about thirty thousand in 1835”

temperance - Moderation, or sometimes total abstinence, as regards drinking liquor. “He subsequently took the pledge of temperance.”

crusader - A person who pursues a cause, religious or otherwise, with extreme enthusiasm and earnestness. “Antislavery crusaders in the North were opposing annexation...”

favorite sons - In American politics, presidential candidates who are nominated by their own state, primarily out of local loyalty. “Their long-shot strategy was instead to run several prominent ‘favorite sons’ who would... scatter the vote....”

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How to cite this note (MLA)

Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "Chapter 14: Jacksonian Democracy at Flood Tide, 1830-1840" StudyNotes.org. Study Notes, LLC., 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 26 May. 2024. <https://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/vocabulary/chapter-14-jacksonian-democracy-flood-tide/>.